Common Name(s)
Texas Cichlid, Rio Grande Perch, Rio Grande Cichlid.
Scientific Name
Herichthys cyanoguttatus
Mainly found in the lakes and rivers of Texas and Northern Mexico.
Juveniles are timid but as it matures, the fish becomes extremely aggressive.
Maximum Size
14 inches (35.56 cm)
Minimum Tank Size
150 gallon for each pair.
Tank Setup
They need a lot of space for swimming. Gravels with some rocks are suitable for decoration but plants will not work as they will uproot them. Requires a good filtration as they are messy eaters. Perform 25-30% water change every week.
Tank Region
All over the tank.
Texas Cichlids are omnivore in nature. Feed them a good mixture of high quality cichlid pellets, krill, frozen bloodworms, earthworms, crickets, etc.
Female Texas Cichlids lays eggs on a cave or a breeding pot. Eggs can vary in number in between 500-600. Since they eat most of their fry, they are not great parents as most other cichlids.
It is best to keep them with same species only.
Ease of Keeping
pH: 6.5-7.5, Temperature: they prefer cold water, so the temperature should be in between 65-75°F. Since they are messy eaters Canister Filter is really good for them.

By Charles & Clint - flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0,
Male Texas Cichlids has a more pointed dorsal fin and is usually larger than females.They also develops humps on their heads. If kept properly they can live for 15 years with their owner.